Many watch lovers have problems with their watches and complain about the poor workmanship of the brand. In fact, many of these problems are not caused by the quality of the watch itself, but by the wrong way of using the watch. Today, we will talk about "How to wind a watch correctly without damaging the movement?"
The reason why the hands of a watch can move is because there is a clockwork inside the movement. Usually the winder is made of metal material and is in the shape of a long thin strip. It is then wound around the bar shaft, and when it is tightened, it uncoils and releases energy to drive the hands.
In order for a watch to go, it must save energy for the winding, an act we call "winding".
There are two types of watches according to how they are wound, one is manually wound (called a manual watch) and the other is automatically wound (called an automatic watch). The difference between the two is that the automatic winding can use the force generated by the wrist, body and other movements of the watch owner in his daily activities to automatically wind the watch. The secret lies in the fact that the movement carries a weight that oscillates.
Manual winding can only be achieved by the owner rotating the handle of the watch and driving the middle gear to save energy for the winding.
Except for a small number of specially designed automatic watches that cannot be wound manually, most automatic watches can be wound both manually and automatically.
1. How to wind a manual watch correctly?
If you are winding your watch manually, it is recommended that you turn the handle continuously until you feel a lot of resistance. How many turns do I need to wind my watch? There is no exact answer to this question, because the winding of each watch is different. The design of the gears is different for each watch, and the magnitude of rotation of the handle is different for each person.
In the absence of a "power reserve indicator", manual winding relies more on the owner's own hand feeling. So it is recommended that you buy a manual watch and let an experienced salesman wind it up for you, then you can feel it in your hand and try the feedback of the winding.
Early pocket watches . Watch winding material used is high carbon steel, torque decay quickly and the metal is easy to fatigue, if there is no Maltese cross wheel lock, once improper use will lead to broken clockwork. Nowadays, the winding is made of stainless steel. The cobalt-based material has greatly improved the performance, but it is still possible to break. For example, some watchmakers continue to rotate their watches in order to store more energy when it is already difficult to rotate them manually. At this point, there is a risk of the winding breaking. Even if the winding does not break, the gears inside the movement. Spring. The watch handle may also break. Therefore, you should never continue to wind a manual watch when it feels like a strain to do so.
A manual watch needs to be rewound before it is worn on the wrist, preferably at the same time each day, to ensure that the watch is running optimally with sufficient power reserve. Of course, if you are not particularly concerned about the accuracy of your watch, this article can be ignored.
2. How to wind an automatic watch?
The movement structure of an automatic watch is different from that of a manual watch, not only because of the extra automatic tourbillon, but also because of the different winding structure. The common automatic watch winding is composed of two sections of winding welded together, divided into the mainspring and the secondary winding. The mainspring is used to store energy, while the subspring is used to hold the mainspring in place. When too much energy is stored in the mainspring, it transfers energy to the subspring, which then contracts and slides against the inner wall of the barrel, which in turn drives the mainspring to release the excess energy. It's like a reservoir that has too much water in it, and when it exceeds the warning line of the dam, it opens the gates and releases the water. Therefore, the barrel of an automatic watch is designed not to break due to excessive winding force, and it has an overload protection device that allows it to be wound all the time (manual. It can be wound all the time (manual or automatic).
But this does not mean that the winding and winding parts of a watch automatic will not be damaged, if someone violently swings the watch and tries to speed up the winding. If someone violently swings the watch and tries to speed up the winding, then it is possible to inflict a short period of time on the gears. Shaft. Clockwork with excessive force, accelerating its wear and tear, or even causing it to break outright.
When your automatic watch stops running, you need to continue wearing it. We recommend that you manually wind your watch by turning the handle 20 to 25 revolutions to bring the movement back to normal operation. Then wear it again, relying on the automatic winding mechanism to replenish its energy and keep the winding in top condition.
If you wear your automatic watch infrequently, it is advisable to use a watch shaker adapted to the model you are wearing in order to ensure the long-term operation of your watch, so that you can avoid overly frequent function adjustments. Of course, there are good and bad watch shakers, so choose carefully.
How to use a watch winder
A watch winder is a watch box with a motor for automatic winding of high-end mechanical watches. The motor box contains a miniature motor that is powered by a battery or external power source and can be controlled by a gearshift and switch.
In addition, this watch box contains a rotatable subdial. It can be driven by slowly turning the mechanical watch inside the dial to achieve the effect of automatic winding. The way to use it is also very simple.
First of all, before using the watch shaker, you have to understand the function of each gear.
First gear means stop.
Second gear is clockwise for 3 minutes.
Third gear is counterclockwise 3 minutes. And one stop time is 40 minutes and continue afterwards.
And fourth gear can be counterclockwise for 2 minutes but it only stops for 28 minutes. Then it runs clockwise again for 2 minutes and then stops again for 28 minutes and then cycles again.
And then next After sorting out how to use the watch winder. Turn on the switch and place the mechanical watch on the small dial inside the watch winder. Then turn it off and adjust the gear you want. The watch winder will turn automatically at the back. The operation is simple and convenient, which is very suitable for some busy working people.
Of course, in addition to a clear understanding of how to use it, you need to pay attention to the following matters.
1. Do not overuse
Long-term stopping will cause damage to the watch movement, and the gears will be damaged if they do not run for a long time. The constant walking for a long time will also cause wear and tear on the gears and shorten the service life. The barrel is always in a tight state, which will cause the bar to collapse over time. Under normal circumstances, automatic mechanical watch winding to 80% - 90% is the most ideal state.
2. To pay attention to the anti-magnetic watch winder
The motor will generate a magnetic field when it rotates to disperse magnetic waves. Bad quality watch winder are not equipped with magnetic shields, although watches now have anti-magnetic function. However, if you use it for a long time, you will inevitably have the risk of being magnetized. High-end watch winder are not only equipped with an antimagnetic shield for the motor, but also have an antimagnetic shield for the watch box to resist external magnetic fields, just like a refrigerator to protect food.